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Tapping into the Sun’s Renewable Energy

The most powerful energy source available to everyone on earth is the sun. It is so powerful its rays can radiate between 900 – 1,200kWh per square meter. It is the best source of renewable energy because it never dies out. Other sources of energy damage the earth by causing pollution and emission of greenhouse gases. Let us keep our environment safe by shifting to natural and renewable energy sources that does not harm our environment.

The sun’s rays are captured using photo-voltaic (PV) panels that are designed to convert solar power into electricity. Conversion of light energy top electrical energy takes place in the solar inverter system, where a 12 volt direct current is converted to 240 volts. This power can be used to supply the needs of offices and households. On average, a PV panel is capable of generating from 1.5 to 2kWp. This is enough to supply one fifth of an average household’s electricity requirements. Solar panels are more efficient during summer months as there is a greater amount of sunlight to be harvested during these months.

Three types of panels are available for you to choose from: Mono-crystalline, poly-crystalline, and thin-film amorphous silicon panels. These solar panels differ in how effective they harvest energy from the sun. Of the three types, mono-crystalline is the most efficient in harvesting energy at 15{037aef49a4ca1366ab9aded5675f252e7f852a6556e9ca9d2bf74969867d7f92} of its potential, while silicon is the least efficient harvesting only 7{037aef49a4ca1366ab9aded5675f252e7f852a6556e9ca9d2bf74969867d7f92}.
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Before installing solar panels, it is important to consult with the local authorities for permission. It might be better to hire the services of an experienced solar power systems supplier to intall the system for you, to avoid trouble later on. Solar panels are very low in maintenance costs, because they only need occasional cleaning, and will last for a long period of time if installed properly.
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But despite its low maintenance, solar panels have not been very popular due to a very long payback period. Excess electricity generated by solar power systems in India are not often sold.

Another way to access renewable energy is by using solar water heating panels. The heat energy of the sun is harvested and is used to generate hot water. It can supply the average needs for hot water of a household.

The two types of solar systems available for you to choose from are: Flat plates and evacuated tubes. Flat plate panels are cheaper but less efficient than evacuated tubes. Both systems deliver hot water by pumping heated water through heat exchanges connected to hot water tanks. In comparison, evacuated tubes last 10 years longer than flat plates. Your solar panel supplier will be able to tell you what system best suits your needs.